Confusion to Conclusion

Science is one of the most interesting subjects, if one masters it. Because the Class X Board exams are designed to clarify students’ basics by assessing them on their core aspects, it’s critical to get a thorough understanding of the subject. In this blog, we have provided the class 10th science syllabus.

CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus

CBSE class 10 science syllabus is given as follows:

Chapters Topics Marks
Chemical Substances-Nature and Behaviour
  • Chemical reactions
  • Acids, bases and salts
  • Metals and nonmetals
  • Carbon compounds
  • Periodic classification of elements
25
World of Living
  • Life processes,
  • Control and coordination in animals and plants,
  • Reproduction,
  • Heredity and Evolution
23
Natural Phenomena
  • Reflection of light,
  • Refraction; Laws of refraction,
  • Dispersion of light
  • Defects of vision and their corrections
12
Electric Current & Magnetic Effects
  • Electric current
  • Ohm’s law
  • Potential difference
  • Interrelation between P, V, I and R
  • Series & Parallel combination of resistors & capacitors
  • Fleming’s Left-Hand Rule
  • Electric Motor
  • Alternating current: frequency of AC.
  • Advantage of AC over DC
13
Natural Resources
  • Sources of energy
  • Eco-system
  • Coal and Petroleum conservation
  • Environmental problems
  • Water harvesting
  • Ozone depletion
  • Forest and wildlife
07
Total 80
Internal Assessment 20
Grand Total 100

 

CBSE Class 10th Science Practical Syllabus

CBSE class 10th science practical syllabus is given as follows:

 Chemistry

  1. Finding the pH
  • Dilute Hydrochloric Acid
  • Dilute NaOH solution
  • Dilute Ethanoic Acid solution
  • Dilute Hydrogen Carbonate solution

 2. Performing and observing the following reactions

  • Combination reaction
  •  Decomposition reaction
  •  Displacement reaction
  •  Double displacement reaction

  3. Observing the action of Zn, Fe, Cu and Al metals on the following salt solutions

  •  ZnSO4(aq)
  •  FeSO4(aq)
  •  CuSO4(aq)
  •  Al2 (SO4)3(aq)

Physics

  1. Studying the dependence of potential difference (V) across a resistor on the current (I) passing through it and determine its resistance.
  2. Determination of the equivalent resistance of two resistors when connected in series and parallel.

Biology

  1. Preparing a temporary mount of a leaf peel to show stomata.
  2. Study of the following properties of acetic acid (ethanoic acid)
  • Odour
  • Solubility in water
  • Effect on litmus
  • Reaction with Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate

NCERT Syllabus For Class 10 Science

Following is given the NCERT syllabus for class 10th science:

Unit Topics Marks
Chemical Substances – Nature and Behaviour
  • Chemical reactions
  • Acids, bases and salts
  •  Metals and nonmetals
  • Carbon compounds
  • Periodic classification of elements
25
World Of Living
  • Life processes
  • Control and coordination in animals and plants
  • Reproduction
  • Heredity and Evolution
23
Natural Phenomena
  • Reflection 
  • Refraction
  • Human eye
12
How Things Work
  • Effects of current
  • Magnetic effects of current
13
Natural Resources
  • Sources of energy
  • Our environment
  • Management of natural resources
07
Total 80
Internal Assessment 20
Grand Total 100

NCERT Class 10th Science Practical Syllabus

CBSE class 10th science practical syllabus is given as follows:

Chemistry

  1. A. Finding the pH of the following samples by using pH paper/universal indicator: 
  • Dilute Hydrochloric Acid 
  • Dilute NaOH solution 
  • Dilute Ethanoic Acid solution 
  • Lemon juice 
  • Water 
  • Dilute Hydrogen Carbonate solution 

   B. Studying the properties of acids and bases (HCl & NaOH) on the basis of their  reaction with: 

  • Litmus solution (Blue/Red) 
  • Zinc metal 
  • Solid sodium carbonate 
  1. Performing and observing the following reactions and classifying them into:
  • Combination reaction 
  • Decomposition reaction 
  • Displacement reaction 
  • Double displacement reaction 

     (i) Action of water on quick lime 

     (ii) Action of heat on ferrous sulphate crystals 

     (iii) Iron nails kept in copper sulphate solution 

     (iv) Reaction between sodium sulphate and barium chloride solutions 

  1. Observing the action of Zn, Fe, Cu and Al metals on the following salt solutions:
  • ZnSO4 (aq) 
  • FeSO4 (aq) 
  • CuSO4 (aq) 
  • Al2 (SO4)3 (aq) 
  1. Arranging Zn, Fe, Cu and Al (metals) in the decreasing order of reactivity based on the above  result. 
  2. Experimentally show that carbon dioxide is given out during respiration. 
  3. Study of the following properties of acetic acid (ethanoic acid): 
  • odour 
  • solubility in water 
  • effect on litmus 
  • reaction with Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate 
  1. Study of the comparative cleaning capacity of a sample of soap in soft and hard  water. 

Physics

  1. Studying the dependence of potential difference (V) across a resistor on the current (I) passing through it and determine its resistance. Also plotting a graph between V and I. 
  2. Determination of the equivalent resistance of two resistors when connected in series  and parallel. 
  3. Determination of the focal length of concave mirror & convex lens by obtaining the image of a distant object. 
  4. Tracing the path of a ray of light passing through a rectangular glass slab for different  angles of incidence. Measure the angle of incidence, angle of refraction, angle of  emergence and interpret the result. 
  5. Tracing the path of the rays of light through a glass prism.
  6. Finding the image distance for varying object distances in case of a convex lens  and drawing corresponding ray diagrams to show the nature of the image formed. 

Biology

  1. Studying binary fission in Amoeba & budding in yeast and Hydra with the help of prepared slides. 
  2. Preparing a temporary mount of a leaf peel to show stomata. 
  3. Identification of the different parts of an embryo of a dicot seed (Pea, gram or red kidney bean).

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